Ghibli Studio

Table of Contents

Background

  • Studio Ghibli was founded in 1985 by acclaimed directors Hayao Miyazaki, Isao Takahata, and producer Toshio Suzuki after the success of Miyazaki’s film Nausicaä of the Valley of the Wind.
  • The name “Ghibli” comes from an Italian word for a hot desert wind, reflecting Miyazaki’s love of Italian aircraft.
  • The studio is located in Koganei, Tokyo. Its famous logo features the character Totoro.
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Films and Directors

  • Studio Ghibli is best known for acclaimed animated films like My Neighbor Totoro (1988), Kiki’s Delivery Service (1989), Princess Mononoke (1997), Spirited Away (2001), Howl’s Moving Castle (2004) and Ponyo (2008).
  • Several Ghibli films rank among the highest-grossing anime films worldwide, including Spirited Away which is the second highest.
  • Hayao Miyazaki and Isao Takahata have been the most prominent directors at the studio, along with other directors like Yoshifumi Kondō, Hiroyuki Morita, and Hiromasa Yonebayashi.
  • Composer Joe Hisaishi has scored the music for most of the studio’s films.
  • The studio is known for the high quality of its animation and storytelling, and its focus on strong female protagonists.

International Distribution

  • Studio Ghibli had a partnership with Disney for international distribution rights from 1996 to 2017. Disney produced English dubs of the films.
  • In 2017, GKIDS acquired the North American distribution rights. The Ghibli films are now streamed on HBO Max in the US and on Netflix in most other countries.

Recent Developments

  • The studio went on a brief hiatus in 2014 after Miyazaki’s temporary retirement. It returned to production in 2017.
  • Miyazaki came out of retirement again to direct The Boy and the Heron which releases in 2023.
  • In 2023, Studio Ghibli became a subsidiary of Nippon TV with new leadership while Miyazaki and Suzuki transitioned to advisory roles.
  • The studio is renowned for not allowing edits to its films for international release. It also has a strict no-cut policy when licensing the films abroad.

Theatrical Releases

  • 1986: Castle in the Sky (Director: Hayao Miyazaki; Screenwriter: Isao Takahata; Composer: Joe Hisaishi; Release: Aug 2, 1986; RT: 96%; MC: 78)
  • 1988:
    • My Neighbor Totoro (Director: Hayao Miyazaki; Producer: Tōru Hara; Release: Apr 16, 1988; RT: 93%; MC: 86)
    • Grave of the Fireflies (Director & Screenwriter: Isao Takahata; Composer: Michio Mamiya; RT: 100%; MC: 94)
  • 1989: Kiki’s Delivery Service (Director: Hayao Miyazaki; Composer: Joe Hisaishi; Release: Jul 29, 1989; RT: 98%; MC: 83)
  • 1991: Only Yesterday (Director: Isao Takahata; Producer: Toshio Suzuki; Composer: Katz Hoshi; Release: Jul 20, 1991; RT: 100%; MC: 90)
  • 1992: Porco Rosso (Director: Hayao Miyazaki; Composer: Joe Hisaishi; Release: Jul 18, 1992; RT: 96%; MC: 83)
  • 1993: Ocean Waves (Director: Tomomi Mochizuki; Producers: Seiji Okuda, Nozomu Takahashi; Composer: Shigeru Nagata; Release: May 5, 1993; RT: 89%; MC: 73)
  • 1994: Pom Poko (Director: Isao Takahata; Composer: Shang Shang Typhoon; Release: Jul 16, 1994; RT: 86%; MC: 77)
  • 1995: Whisper of the Heart (Director: Yoshifumi Kondō; Screenwriter: Hayao Miyazaki; Composer: Yuji Nomi; Release: Jul 15, 1995; RT: 94%; MC: 75)
  • 1997: Princess Mononoke (Director: Hayao Miyazaki; Composer: Joe Hisaishi; Release: Jul 12, 1997; RT: 93%; MC: 76)
  • 1999: My Neighbors the Yamadas (Director: Isao Takahata; Composer: Akiko Yano; Release: Jul 17, 1999; RT: 78%; MC: 75)
  • 2001: Spirited Away (Director: Hayao Miyazaki; Composer: Joe Hisaishi; Release: Jul 20, 2001; RT: 96%; MC: 96)
  • 2002: The Cat Returns (Director: Hiroyuki Morita; Screenwriter: Reiko Yoshida; Producers: Toshio Suzuki, Nozomu Takahashi; Composer: Yuji Nomi; Release: Jul 19, 2002; RT: 88%; MC: 70)
  • 2004: Howl’s Moving Castle (Director: Hayao Miyazaki; Producer: Toshio Suzuki; Composer: Joe Hisaishi; Release: Nov 20, 2004; RT: 87%; MC: 82)
  • 2006: Tales from Earthsea (Director & Screenwriter: Gorō Miyazaki; Composer: Tamiya Terashima; Release: Jul 29, 2006; RT: 38%; MC: 47)
  • 2008: Ponyo (Director: Hayao Miyazaki; Composer: Joe Hisaishi; Release: Jul 19, 2008; RT: 91%; MC: 86)
  • 2010: Arrietty (Director: Hiromasa Yonebayashi; Screenwriters: Hayao Miyazaki, Keiko Niwa; Composer: Cécile Corbel; Release: Jul 17, 2010; RT: 94%; MC: 80)
  • 2011: From Up on Poppy Hill (Director: Gorō Miyazaki; Composer: Satoshi Takebe; Release: Jul 16, 2011; RT: 87%; MC: 71)
  • 2013:
    • The Wind Rises (Director: Hayao Miyazaki; Composer: Joe Hisaishi; Release: Jul 20, 2013; RT: 88%; MC: 83)
    • The Tale of the Princess Kaguya (Director & Screenwriter: Isao Takahata; Producer: Yoshiaki Nishimura; Release: Nov 23, 2013; RT: 100%; MC: 89)
  • 2014: When Marnie Was There (Director & Screenwriter: Hiromasa Yonebayashi; Composer: Takatsugu Muramatsu; Release: Jul 19, 2014; RT: 92%; MC: 72)
  • 2016: The Red Turtle (Director & Screenwriter: Michaël Dudok de Wit; Producers: Toshio Suzuki, Isao Takahata, Vincent Maraval, Pascal Caucheteux, Grégoire Sorlat; Composer: Laurent Perez del Mar; Release: May 18, 2016; RT: 93%; MC: 86)
  • 2020: Earwig and the Witch (Director: Gorō Miyazaki; Screenwriters: Keiko Niwa, Emi Gunji; Producer: Toshio Suzuki; Composer: Satoshi Takebe; Release: Dec 30, 2020/Aug 27, 2021; RT: 28%; MC: 46)
  • 2023: The Boy and the Heron (Director: Hayao Miyazaki; Composer: Joe Hisaishi; Release: Jul 14, 2023; RT: 97%; MC: 92)

Television

  • 1987: The Story of Yanagawa’s Canals (Director: Isao Takahata; Screenwriter: Susumu Kubo; Composer: Michio Mamiya; Broadcast: Aug 15, 1987; Notes: Documentary)
  • 2014: Ronja, the Robber’s Daughter (Director: Gorō Miyazaki; Screenwriter: Hiroyuki Kawasaki; Producer: Nobuo Kawakami; Composer: Satoshi Takebe; Broadcast: Oct 11, 2014 – Mar 28, 2015; Notes: Anime television series based on Ronia, the Robber’s Daughter by Astrid Lindgren)
  • 2022: Zen – Grogu and Dust Bunnies (Director: Katsuya Kondô; Producer: Tomohiko Ishii; Composer: Ludwig Göransson; Broadcast: Nov 12, 2022; Notes: A Star Wars short film by Ghibli and Lucasfilm)

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